Pope Benedict XVI signed a Catholic Church pledge for Africa in Benin last week. The document reflects on the recommendations of the African Synod in 2009. Addressing the issue of AIDS, this document says the syndrome is, above all, an ethical problem and calls for changes in behavior, including sexual abstinence and rejection of promiscuity. Many remember that on his first trip to Africa in 2009, the pope stirred controversy when he suggested to reporters on his plane that condoms aggravate the AIDS problem. He has since seemed to back off from that position, and has not even mentioned condoms during this visit.